Visit Nocatee Florida

There is a small village or you might say a crossroads in southwestern Florida called Nocatee. It is not to be confused with the newly built master-planned community of the same name in northeast Florida. The original Nocatee is located in DeSoto County in southwest Florida. It is a Seminole Indian word that means, “What is it?” It is an interesting place to visit although you will not find a place to stay for the night. There are no motels with distinct styles of deluxe guest rooms and suites. It’s defiantly a day tripper when visiting Nocatee. A Mediterranean atmosphere with tropical pools and lush grounds will not be found in this village. Nocatee offers more of a Florida cracker type ambience. There are no beaches, but you could bring your bathing suit and swim at the county owned boat ramp down at nearby Peace River.

If you are interested in playing golf while visiting Nocatee, you can’t. Golfing will have to take place up the road in Arcadia which is the county seat. Or you could go eight miles south of Nocatee to Sunny Breeze Golf Club.

If shopping is your thing, you are in luck. Just five miles up the road in Arcadia again there are several stores to choose from. And you can venture down Arcadia’s old Oak Street in the antique district.

On August 13, 2004, Hurricane Charley passed directly through Nocatee with winds which persisted for an hour, damaging most of the structures in the burg and causing some to be completely destroyed. You can still find many buildings with the blue FEMA tarps still protecting the roofs.

Actually, the most interesting thing about Nocatee is not what is there now but what use to be there. I know of one person who said he was from Nocatee. The King Lumber Company founded in the late 1800’s was the main industry and the largest employer in DeSoto County. It eventually became the Nocatee-Manatee Crate Company until it closed in 1951. The First settler was the Carlton family. Baptist and Methodist churches were founded there in 1890. There was once a stump plant which employed many people until it close in the 1980s.

DeSoto County was initially a much bigger county and later subdivided to create five smaller counties in 1921. There was an election to figure out where the DeSoto County seat should be. Nocatee lost by one vote. Nocatee has never had much population to speak of. It’s pretty much maintained the same size since 1900. It’s never been an actual incorporated town.

Sadly, Nocatee doesn’t have much of a tourist draw but there is an interesting Civil War history in the county. For the paleontologist the county lies in what is known as bone valley. It’s a phosphate rich area where many mastodon bones can be found.

For more information about the village of Nocatee, Florida visit DeSoto County Florida online. Also check out Howard Melton’s book, “Foot Prints & Landmarks which gives the interesting history of Nocatee and DeSoto County. You may also visit Arcadia’s antique district online. Better yet, take the opportunity and come visit us.

Source by Mel Jackson

Kite Fishing Basics – Part I

When we hear of kite angling, or any use of kite with fishing, most people think of the method used by big game fishermen for deploying live baits for marlin, sailfish and other game fish. Do an internet search on kite fishing and this is what most of the results will lead to this method.

Well for those who don’t know, there is another use for kites and fishing that doesn’t involve a boat. In many parts of the world, anglers use kites when fishing from shore. The main reason is to be able to get their baits out far enough to reach offshore reefs or just get to deeper water. How often have you seen birds breaking beyond casting distance and wished you could out there? When fishing shallow sandy beaches with large surf conditions, it is often impossible to get your bait out behind the back line of breakers just by casting. The other advantage of using a kite is that it allows you to keep the bait and tackle near the surface, thereby avoiding getting hooked up in reefs or other objects on the bottom.

The question I get asked the most about kite fishing is “what happens when the kite gets pulled under water?” Well the only time that happens, or should happen, is if the wind dies, or your kite loses it’s tail and becomes unstable and dives into the water. The kite is supposed to stay in the air all the time. This leads to the type of kite one should use.

With kite fishing, you need a kite that is going to provide the correct amount of pull and lift. More importantly, you want a kite that is very stable. Kid’s kites from a toy store are probably not going to cut it. I could write an entire article just on kites, but for now, let’s go with a square homemade kite using thin wooden strips and garbage bag plastic covering. A square kite with a good tail will hang in the sky without moving and provide a consistent pull. Your kite will get wet, so water proof materials, especially the tail, is critical.

The kite tail should be long enough to keep the kite stable and also remain dry and sand free. One of the best kite tail materials is a roll of nylon tube netting that is used to bag vegetables like onions. You can easily shake the sand and water off it. The size of the kite is selected based on the wind speed and size of bait you are fishing with. Strong wind, small kite and vice versa. With the correct kite, it should be snatched easily out of your hand by the wind, with no running up and down the beach.

In order to fly a kite and drag a bait out to sea, you will need a lot of line. Therefore you need a big reel. Usually kite fishermen are not after small fish, so big game fish reels are common that can hold hundreds or even thousands of yards of line. Again it depends how far off shore you will be fishing. Sometimes a kite can be used simply to get past a small set of waves and keep the bait suspended in the water column.

There are two main methods of deploying the kite. One is to have a dedicated kite rig, for launching flying and retrieving the kite, and a separate fishing rig for hooking and landing the fish. The two rigs are connected up until the time of the strike and then the two separate allowing you to fight the fish. The other method is to have the kite attached to the fishing line, all on the same rig. This method keeps things simpler, but means you may end up fighting the kite and the fish. Having the kite attached during the fight can help keep the fish near the surface during the fight too. The kite is detached just before the last 150 feet or so of line is retrieved. This is usually a critical function and having a buddy to help is important.

Either method can work and can be adapted depending on the particular fishing conditions you experience. Kite fishing of any kind, when done from the shore, obviously works best when offshore breezes are common. In those countries or regions where offshore breezes are not common, points or jetties can still be fished successfully. With an adjustable kite, you can also tack the kite into the wind and achieve fishing angles close to forty degrees either side of the wind direction. In other words, you do not have to fish only where the wind is blowing.

Another adjustment your kite should have is an elevation adjuster. This allows the kite to fly high with less horizontal pull, or fly flat and low and pull with maximum force. By changing the pitch of the kite it will behave much like the lip on a crank bait. How much tilt you put on the kite is often determined by wind conditions and needs to be balanced with the weight of the terminal tackle and surf conditions. When launching a large bait through pounding surf, you need a strong force to counter the force of the waves. In this case it is better to fly the kite lower with more power. Fishing off quiet beaches or with very string winds, it may be better to angle the kite to fly higher. Mastering this takes practice.

In the next part, we will examine the terminal tackle, other equipment and safety.

Source by Graham Armitage

Arowana – A Brief History Of The Arowana Fish

The arowana is a very old fish dating back to the Jurassic age which is roughly between 150-200 million years ago. The middle Jurassic age was known as "the Age of Reptiles" or dinosaurs as we know them, so this gives some indication of how old this fish actually is.

Through out this time the fish itself has remained almost the same making the arowana fish we see in or pet stores today a living fossil.

A lot of people either have or would like an arowana for a pet but they do not know or realise that this fish has become endangered. The fisher man and collectors do not realise that these fish are disappearing. The stocks of arowana have become very low over the last 50 years. The three main areas today where the fish is found, are Asia, Australia and the Amazon. Luckily owners and breeders of this fish from around the world are helping it to make a comeback.

An arowana in the right environment can grow to a size of around four foot and can weigh between 25-35 pounds. They are known as a fiery aggressive fish in the wild reaching speeds of 25 mph in quick shots to catch there prey. In the Amazon they can be seen leaping from the water to catch insects or small birds in low laying branches. This has earned them the nickname "water monkeys". They are classified as carnivores or meat eaters but will eat anything like other fish, insects or small birds.

In the wild arowanas travel, hunt and fight in groups. The male and female arowanas work in unity to defend there area and family group. To defend they nip, bite, body slap and charge at whatever puts them on high alert in there own territory.

In china the arowana is known as a symbol of wealth, luck, strength and power in the feng shui circles and is commonly referred to as the golden dragon fish. In this way the Asian arowana has become expensive and highly collectible.

Hopefully this will shed some light on the mystery and hype that surrounds this ancient bred of fish known as the arowana and hopefully will promote an interest in you to look into this great fish.

Source by Dr John Smith

Pond Turnover – What it is and How to Stop It

Pond turnover is a phenomenon that would go largely unnoticed if it weren’t for the sometimes awful consequences. Mild turnover can leave your water cloudy for a couple days.

Severe turnover can kill thousands of fish, and leave your property smelling like a month-old rotting egg.

What is pond turnover? How does it affect my pond? How to I prevent turnover from occurring?

The purpose of this blog is to answer these questions-helping the average homeowner to find a solution to their pond turnover problem.

What is Pond Turnover?

Pond turnover is a term used to describe the mixing of the stagnant, or ‘stratified,’ waters in a pond.  Stratification is an occurrence whereby the water separates into three distinct layers-like a layer cake-each with its own different temperature and dissolved oxygen levels.

The upper level, known as the epilimnion, is composed of warm, lighter water that has high dissolved oxygen content – this is where fish tend to dwell. The middle layer of a pond is known as the thermocline; in this ‘transitional’ layer, water temperature and dissolved oxygen level become lower with depth.

Finally, the lowest layer of a pond is referred to as the hypolimnion. This layer is the coldest and most oxygen deprived of the three, as it is sheltered from any atmospheric conditions by the above two layers. Pond turnover is when weather conditions favor the mixing of these layers.

As the epilimnion is cooled by the fall air to a temperature below that of the lower layers, it becomes denser and sinks-mixing the layers together into a uniform temperature and density. The exact opposite occurs after winter-and the cycle continues annually. Sometimes cold rains and heavy winds can provoke an additional mid-summer turnover, as well.

How does Turnover Affect My Pond or Lake?

Organic matter like dead plants and fish, leaves, etc. sink to and accumulate in the lowest level, the hypolimnion, because gravity naturally pulls it there. Unfortunately, this layer has little to no oxygen that would help aerobic, or oxygen breathing, bacteria break down the material. Instead, anaerobic, or non-oxygen breathing bacteria do the job. Not only are these bacteria seventeen times slower than their aerobic counterparts, they also release toxic gasses like methane, hydrogen sulfide, and ammonia as they digest.

This toxic gas gets trapped in the hypolimnion, and is released all at once when the levels mix. So, how does this turnover affect your pond? It does four things:

  1. The toxic gasses released poison the fish, causing a fish kill
  2. Aerobic bacteria are given access to organic matter once locked at the bottom, quickly sucking all the oxygen out of the water and suffocating your fish
  3. The odor of the released gasses fills the surrounding area, including your home, with rancid odors
  4. The mucky hypolimnion clouds your water, causing your pond to appear very dirty

How Do I Prevent Turnover From Occurring?

Two things need to happen in order to prevent the ill effects of pond turnover. The first thing you need to do is mix the layers of your pond to keep them from stratifying. The second thing you need to do is provide oxygen throughout the entire pond, promoting the consumption of organic matter by aerobic bacteria.

Not only will the air avoid the production of toxic gasses, but it will also ensure that your fish are given ample air to breathe. Both of these are important to avoiding fish kills and noxious odors.

Source by Braden Galbreath-O’Leary

Bream Habitat – Where and What to Look For

Bream are a very structure orientated fish, meaning that they rarely swim in open water. By structure I mean reefs, moored boats, jetties, pontoons, weed beds etc. bream need a place to retreat to from danger and to feed. Bream will eat almost anything from crabs and prawns to sewage. They are referred to as scavengers.

Their diet varies considerably, relying on their habitat. This is where the smart angler can have an advantage by reading the signs and fishing with something similar to what the fish would naturally feed on. I fish an oyster encrusted rock wall and have found that the fish in this area eat a lot of oysters and green weed.

I have personally found that small green plastic lures work well here, as I feel the fish think that my lure is green weed. I also fish around oyster farms, fishing all around the wooden trays and frames. In this area you can’t fish with lead headed jigs and soft plastics as they get snagged too much, instead we use small floating hard body lures sometime referred to as crank baits.

This way we can work these lures over the oysters and the fish will dart out from under the trays and take your lure. The fish in this area use the trays as a source of food and shelter. There is also a ribbon weed bed close by where small green hard body lures work extremely well.

In the summer months we have prawn runs and around these times prawn imitations work very well. Bream will look for shade in the heat of the day so shade from over hanging trees and under moored boats are great places to target. Shade from over hanging trees are a great place to throw a cicada or cricket type lure as the bream lay in wait for insects to fall from the trees and then make short work of them.

Rock walls and the base of mangrove trees are great places to use crab style lures as these make great habitat for crabs and the clever bream knows this and is always ready for a free feed.

Bridge pylons are a magnet for bream, they hide amongst the pylons out of the current waiting for small fish, prawns, crabs etc to be washed past by the current then they ambush them. After periods of heavy rain bream will hang around storm water outlets where they flow into estuaries picking off anything that washes in.

Source by Mark Goverd

The Windshield Replacement Survival Guide – Consumer Auto Glass Education

Replacing Your Vehicle’s Windshield? Here is Your Windshield Replacement Survival Guide.

Safety First

A vehicles windshield provides the occupants a barrier from road debris and the outside elements. But most people don’t know a windshield is designed for structural safety in case of an accident, especially a rollover. A windshield is a vehicles third most important safety feature behind the seat belts, and air bags.

Windshields are like basketball backboards for air bags. So if you have a damaged windshield your air bag may not function correctly. It actually may inflate out the windshield cavity, rather than towards you. Or it won’t adsorb any pressure because your windshield simply pushes out.

Most consumers are not aware that when technicians replace your windshield, there is significant scratching to the “pinchweld” where the glass bonds to the car. These scratches must be prepped using paint and rust prevention steps. They should not simply leave exposed scratches where moisture from the exterior side can cause rust to develop.

Here are some questions you should ask your auto glass company:

  • Is the new glass OEM?
  • Did they remove the brand label on the windshield?
  • Does the new glass have a shade band that matches your old glass?
  • Is the new windshield the same color glass? (glass is actually colored, not clear)
  • Does your windshield have a rain sensor?
  • Is your windshield heated? (companies will install non-heated and charge for heated)
  • Does the windshield have the right bracket for your rear view mirror?
  • Does the new windshield have the same third visor as your old glass? (the painted black design which you can see around the rear view mirror on most cars)
  • Are they using a universal trim molding, or the actual trim molding part for your vehicle?
  • Does the company pay to fix paint scratches, if made by the auto glass technician?

Always inspect a piece of glass for scratches and distortion before it’s installed.

Types of Automotive Glass

A windshield is actually two layers of glass with a laminate material between the layers, what is called “laminated glass”. Laminated glass is extremely hard to puncture or break apart. That’s why a large object like a stunt man, can impact the windshield without breaking through. The strength of laminated glass combined with proper adhesion of the windshield to the body of the car provides massive strength against the roof collapsing in a rollover.

All of the other windows in your vehicle are “tempered glass”, which means they break into tiny fragments to reduce injury to the occupants. (a small fraction of vehicles have laminated side and rear windows also)

Windshield Urethane

Today’s vehicles use urethane as the adhesive to bond the windshield to the vehicle, like a glue. Some urethane after complete hardening which can take 2-4 weeks, can hold 500 pounds per square inch of pressure. That’s one reason why you could never simply push your windshield out. Impossible! Some urethane allows you to drive away within one hour after installing the windshield, hardening just enough to withstand vehicle accidents. When your replacement has been completed, make sure to inspect the inside of your vehicle around the edge of the glass. Make sure no urethane has oozed out into view or onto your vehicles interior. This is more common then people realize and needs to be fixed immediately before the glue hardens!

The urethane is normally heated, then applied to the glass or car body at the raised temperature. Depending on where you live or the application, they can use different kinds of urethane, even a cold temperature apply that is not heated. Temperature has a huge impact on the adhesion qualities of the windshield. I would recommend never getting your windshield replaced in temperatures lower than 55 degrees, or higher than 105 for the best results if possible. This is easy if you have the glass replaced inside of a shop or in a shaded area. Direct sunlight can heat the windshield to over 125 degrees!

Urethane does have an expiration date, so make sure you ask about this before a technician begins replacing your vehicle glass. Using expired urethane means minimal bonding power and the windshield has a chance of coming out during an impact. All urethane is made with an expiration date printed on the tubes, and if they don’t call someone else!

Paint Scratches, Rust, and Proper Windshield Installation

Deep vehicle scratches can turn into major problems later. Moisture will enter through a scratch and attack your vehicles body causing rust later. For people who live by the ocean, this can be disastrous for the structural integrity of your vehicle down the road near the windshield. If you are buying a used vehicle, make sure you check around the edge of the glass and under the trim molding for evidence of rust. Rust will spread under your paint, it is amazingly aggressive.

If the rust spreads to the “pinch weld” which is where the urethane is placed, the urethane will not bond and a windshield will leak or can even be pushed out. This can cause thousands of dollars in damage from water leaks or can even can cause death in an accident! If the rust moves into this area the technician must remove it before applying the urethane, or the vehicle must be sent to a body shop for repair.

Make sure the technician takes steps to prep and repair scratches to the pichweld. There is primer paints, metal rust prep chemicals, and other ways to cover scratches to reduce the appearance or spread of rust. The most important areas are where water will contact your vehicles body, especially under the exterior trim molding. That trim is not water sealed between the body and glass. The water seal comes from the urethane bead.

It is very important that you watch the installation of your vehicle glass if possible, DO NOT just walk away. If a professional technician can not perform the job while you watch, they shouldn’t be working on your vehicle and call someone else. A technician can cause significant paint scratching to your exterior paint job with improper techniques. Some even use nail polish or paint to hide the damage. Some even rub dirt into the scratch to make it look old! Ensure that the technician is using vehicle protective equipment like seat covers, floor mats, tape on the car body where it’s close to the glass, and a protective mat over your hood.

Make sure the technician removes body parts like windshield wiper arms and the cowling (located beneath the wipers) are removed, if the glass edge is covered by these parts. Most technicians will simply shoot a ton of urethane under the cowling area and “stuff” the glass, sliding it into the glue and under the cowling. This is extremely unsafe! A technician doesn’t even know if the urethane has created a proper seal, or if it is bonded safely. A proper windshield installation requires that the glass be place straight down onto the urethane bead. Also this ensures the urethane is not shot all over parts beneath the cowling like wiper assemblies and wiring.

OEM Windshields and OEM Equivalents

OEM means, original equipment manufacturer. So if your vehicle is a Honda Civic, OEM glass would be purchased from a Honda Vehicle Dealer. Auto glass installers can simply order OEM glass from the dealer. Make sure the glass has the OEM label. The windshield label which is about a square inch in size, normally is located in the lower corners of the glass. Sometimes OEM glass says the actual glass manufacturer rather than the Car Dealer name. Call your local dealer on what to look for.

A lot of auto glass companies will tell you they are installing the “OEM Equivalent” part. Because consumers don’t know what to look for, most times a glass with no label or an aftermarket part is used. Do not buy a glass when the label has been etched or removed. No one knows where it came from! Always check the label.

The only scenario in which you may find an equivalent glass, is purchasing a windshield produced by the same manufacturer which produced the OEM glass. It may even be from the same production line and mold from the OEM manufacturing!

Aftermarket Automotive Windshields

Do not be fooled into thinking an aftermarket windshield is the same as an OEM glass. Aftermarket windshields are made using reverse engineering instead of the original OEM mold and production line.

Aftermarket glass tends to have more visible light distortion when viewing the glass at an angle, and the dimensions are not exactly the same as an OEM. All glass that is bent has some level distortion yes, but it is considerably worse with aftermarket manufacturing. You may even see distortion when looking straight through aftermarket glass.

Aftermarket glass is transported through different processes than OEM glass from a dealer. A lot of OEM glass is transported covered by plastic wrapping and using strict shipping techniques, and the windshield’s edges are protected by foam wrapping. But Aftermarket glass is transported by much different practices. Most auto glass companies use no protection covering all surfaces of the glass for transport. And sometimes pieces of glass have been taken to customers locations and returned to the distributor or shop. So aftermarket glass has been handled many times!

Now I’m not saying aftermarket glass is unsafe or unfit to use at all. I’m simply stating the facts about the truth, for your education and insight. I feel you should be educated about this part of your vehicle which essentially protects your family on a regular basis.

Rain Sensors and Other Accessory Plugs Such as Heated Glass

If your vehicle has a rain sensor it should be located near the rear view mirror. A lot of times it looks like a circle, square or triangle. This option allows the windshield wipers to speed up or slow down depending on the amount of rain automatically. Make sure you get the same designed glass. If the rain sensor involves a gel patch, make sure the technician does not leave lots of air bubbles when installing it. Those air bubbles can cause the sensor to malfunction.

Some vehicles like a Land Rover, have plugs located under the interior a-pillar trim. On some convertibles like a newer Ford Thunderbird, a large portion of the interior may need to be diss-assembled to remove the interior a-pillar trim. On the Honda Ridgeline, the heater plug is located behind the glove box. Some new vehicles also have Lane Departure sensors located near the rear view mirror.

You can always find out what you need by calling your local dealer and giving them your VIN Identification number from your vehicle. If your car is important to you and you want to maintain the investment, always call your local dealer and ask for advice about your specific vehicle.

Windshield Shade Bands and Windshield Color

All auto glass has a shaded color. No windshields are completely clear. Typical shading colors are blue, green, bronze, and grey. Be sure sure to get the same color. You will see that all pieces of glass in your vehicle are the same color, excluding privacy glass and tinting.

A windshield may have a shade band across the top near the roof of the vehicle. This area is preferential. You should decide if you like it or not. It does tend to hide the edge of the interiors headliner when looking at the vehicle from the exterior. Shade bands do come in different colors but not all windshields

Most windshields can be ordered without a shade band at all. But you may find the part is actually more expensive because less people order it. Having a shade band does provide some shading in between your sun visors but it does little to drastically shade the sun. Take note the shade band will be darker at night.

Exterior Trim and Moldings

Your vehicle may have exterior trim or moldings cover the edge of the glass and/or covering the edge the car body. If the trim molding is just rubber, make sure you know what the technician is using to replace it. Some companies are now requiring that technicians use only a universal type aftermarket molding, rather than one that is specifically designed for your car. There should also be an OEM molding part available which is exactly the same as your original molding. Do note that cost for OEM is always more.

You may see plastic and/or metal trim moldings covering the edge of your windshield on the exterior. Normally these have some type of plastic or metal clips that attach them to the glass or vehicles body. Make sure the company replaces any broken clips or parts from removal of these parts. If your vehicle is older than 3 years, these parts become very brittle and damage easy. You may be warned about parts that always break, in which the company may request you also purchase that part ahead of time. You may find a lot of companies simply glue those parts back into place, rather than replacing the broken parts.

Vehicle Windshield Logo and VIN Window

On vehicles like a Ford Mustang and Ford F150, you may have a logo in the third visor above the rear view mirror. These windshields can be ordered with out the logo and are cheaper that way. Make sure you ask about your options.

Most windshields have a small narrow window for viewing of the VIN identification number near the lower drivers side portion of the glass. Make sure this window is in the right location on the glass. When the job is completed, make sure that glue has not covered the VIN, the VIN number plate has not been cut off, or that it has not been badly damaged. Police or the DMV will give you a hard time if the number is not legible or is completely missing from that location.

Source by Tim Lee Doyle

Things To Do In And Around The Lake Wenatchee Area

In the heart of the Cascade Mountains of Washington State sits Lake Wenatchee, a mountain lake setting that attracts thousand of sightseers and is a hub of recreational opportunities. The Lake Wenatchee area offers many things to do and is surprisingly easy to get to.

Lake Wenatchee is centrally located in the state and is accessible from either side of the state via Highway 2. Travelers from the Seattle are will most likely be coming over Stevens Pass in the west, while travelers from Eastern Washington will come via the town of Wenatchee or Blewett Pass. The lake is 244 feet deep at its deepest and is approximately 6 miles in length with just over 13 miles of shoreline. Lake Wenatchee is fed by the White River and the Little Wenatchee River, along with snow run off from the surrounding mountains. Lake Wenatchee empties on the east end into the Wenatchee River which flows down through the towns of Leavenworth, Cashmere, and Wenatchee before emptying into the Columbia River.

Boating and fishing are available on the lake itself, along with camping at a number of different locations. On the shore, right at where the lake drains out into the Wenatchee River, is Lake Wenatchee State Park. The State Park is divided by the Wenatchee River into a north and south section, the south section having the boat dock, beach, and roped off swimming area. The beach area can be crowded on hot summer days with campers and locals alike cooling off in the beautiful mountain water. Before entering the south section of Lake Wenatchee State Park you drive through the Nason Creek Campground. Nason Creek flows through this small campground and then into the Wenatchee River. Just before the entrance to the state park, the road takes a left, if you were to follow this for three to four miles it would lead you to Glacier View Campground near the west end of Lake Wenatchee. Many of Glacier View’s campsites sit right on the shoreline of the lake. There is also a short hike to Lost Lake that starts at a trailhead near the Glacier View Campground. Lost Lake is fishable and provides a wonderful glacier-fed swimming experience. More hiking is available nearer to the State Park via the Nason Creek Trail.

Camping and hiking are also available to the west of Lake Wenatchee up the White River and Little Wenatchee River drainage areas. The campgrounds you find in this area are more primitive in what they offer, but they are also more secluded and private. In this direction you can access hikes that link up with the famous Pacific Coast Trail (PCT) that runs from Canada to California, or take smaller hikes to Twin Lakes and elsewhere. Forest service and logging roads are also plentiful in this area. West of Lake Wenatchee, back on Highway 2, will lead you to Stevens Pass which offers skiing in the wintertime.

To the north of Lake Wenatchee lies Fish Lake and true to its name that is what it is known for. There are many rental opportunities at Fish Lake for both boats and cabins to stay overnight in. Beyond Fish Lake you access the Chiwawa River area known for its trail system which is usable by foot, mountain bike, dirt bike, and horse depending on what area you are in. For the hiker with the longer endurance, trails in this area also network their way over the Entiat and Chelan Mountains extending to Lake Chelan, and the towns of Lucerne, Holden Village, and Stehekin, none of which are accessible by outside roads, and also into the beautiful Entiat River Valley.

Hiking, rock climbing, and camping are available to the south of Lake Wenatchee in the Icicle River Canyon. The Icicle River empties into the Wenatchee River at the town of Leavenworth. Many of the state’s, if not the country’s, most beautiful hiking trails can be found outside of Leavenworth in the Alpine Lakes Wilderness area. Hiking and camping permits are needed for most parts of this area as a way of limiting the impact of people on this treasured environment. The Icicle Canyon also offers rock climbing possibilities at a number of sites. Hiking and snowmobiling are available activities in the Blewett Pass region which is also south of Lake Wenatchee. The town of Leavenworth is a shopper’s paradise with its Bavarian themed shops and restaurants, fun to be had by all.

To the east of Lake Wenatchee, past Leavenworth, outdoor activities continue to be possibilities. Hiking and mountain biking trails can be found outside of the town of Cashmere in the Mission Creek area, rock climbers can have a go at all that Peshastin Pinnacles State Park has to offer, and of course there is fishing and boating on the mighty Columbia River that flows right by Wenatchee, the largest city in the region.

From alpine skiing to mountain biking, from horseback riding to rock climbing, it is difficult to find an equal to the diversity that this area has to offer. The Lake Wenatchee area has something to offer both the outdoor recreation enthusiast, and the casual sightseer or camper alike.

Source by Mark Peters

Can You Suffer An Omega-3 Overdose?

We all know that omega 3 fatty acids are crucial for good health, but can we suffer from an omega-3 overdose?

Unfortunately, the answer will depend.

For omega-3 sources that you get from plants and nuts, such as flaxseed, and walnuts, it’s very hard to overdose.

However, these are not the best sources for omega 3 fatty acids as there are three types of omega 3 fats: ALA, DHA and EPA.

The ALA form is what you find in plant forms like flaxseed. ALA needs to be converted by the body into DHA and EPA before use. This conversion may not happen efficiently for a variety of possible reasons.

Fish oils are the best source of DHA and EPA omega 3 fatty acids.

This is where the answer to Omega-3 Overdose will vary. It will depend on the fish source being used (in supplements) or consumed.

If you are taking cod liver oil, for example, which has a very high Vitamin A content, you can overdose….because Vitamin A is toxic is large amounts. Keep in mind it’s the Vitamin A that is toxic here, not the omega-3 fats.

However, there are species of fish that are very high in beneficial DHA and EPA with extremely low Vitamin A content, which makes overdosing practicually nil because they are not produced from the liver.

Now this doesn’t mean you want to overdo it by taking as much omega-3 fatty acids as you can. If you are an adult in good health, you can probably take 1 to 2 grams a day to maintain good health.

This is just a general rule of thumb.

If you have a specific health condition, the amount you take will vary.

However, most people, being deficient in omega 3 fatty acids, should consider taking the aforementioned 1 to 2 grams of omega 3 fatty acids per day.

One omega-3 warning to keep in mind is that omega 3 oils act as blood thinners. This can be beneficial for people who have clumpy, “sticky” blood. Blood thinners may help the blood flow more easily through arteries, benefiting the functioning of the heart. But too many blood thinners can post certain risks as well.

It’s not that omega-3’s are dangerous in this regard. It’s just that if you are already taken blood thinners (whether over-the-counter or prescription) you should talk to your doctor before adding omega-3 supplements to your daily health regimen to make sure you aren’t thinning your blood too much.

Overall for most people in the Western world, the problem isn’t one of an omega-3 overdose, but not getting enough of these vital fats, which help improve brain and heart health, and do so much more.

1 to 2 grams a day of a purified, high quality, omega 3 rich fish oil supplement with low Vitamin A content is one of the best things the vast majority of Westerners can do to improve their health.

Source by Dan Ho

Trying to Get Pregnant? Discover 4 Tips to Help You Conceive Naturally Within 8 Weeks

Firstly, I would like to thank you for viewing my article – I hope that you find it informative, and i truly believe that I can save you long term pain, frustration and save you tons of money. Take just a few minutes to read this before you end up spending money on expensive drugs and unhealthy infertility treatments – i can assure you, you haven’t seen anything like this before! Plan and find the best way to conceive by reading these effective tips:

Tip 1 – Try avoiding lubricants. Some kinds change the acid balance in the vagina, which can stop sperm from swimming properly. Don’t douche either after sex or any other time. A survey of 840 women revealed that women who douched were less likely to get pregnant than women who didn’t. The study didn’t reveal why, but some doctors think douching can also change the acid balance in the vagina.

Tip 2 – One of the most important tips when trying to get pregnant is to know your fertile days. You only ovulate once a month, and you’re most likely to get pregnant if your have sex shortly before you ovulate. Your fertile days are approximately in the middle of your menstrual cycle. Learn the signs of ovulation and try keeping an ovulation chart to help you plan.

Have plenty of sex, especially during your fertile days. Many people believe that having sex every day decreases a man’s sperm count, and that he should take every other day off to “recharge”. But for normal men, sex every day is just fine. Trying every day during your fertile days may actually increase your chance of conceiving. Don’t turn it into a chore, though. Trying to make a baby should be fun and joyful!

Tip 3 – There is no firm evidence that certain positions help to get pregnant. If penetration is achieved and ejaculation occurs then there is a good chance of getting pregnant whatever the position you are adopting.

When ejaculation occurs, the sperm are shot up inside the vagina right up to the mouth of the cervix and even higher, the sperm from there will start to move upwards aided by vaginal mucus towards the moth of the fallopian tubes where most fertilisation actually takes place.

The only reason for thinking that certain positions are better than others is gravity.

Some women think there is something wrong when they get up after lovemaking (even if it is the next morning), and have a flood of sperm flow out of the vagina. This is normal, but rest assured that there is still a significant amount of sperm that has already traveled right up inside towards the opening of the fallopian tubes.

Also, after lovemaking if you want you might try putting a cushion under your hips to avoid the flow of sperm out from the vagina.

Tip 4 – Eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia can cause you not to have periods. They can also disturb your thyroid function, which then disrupts your menstrual cycle.

Consider giving up caffeine. Some studies show decreased fertility among coffer drinkers, but others don’t show any effect at all. However, if you can survive without your daily caffeine dose, it’s worth a try.

Although it probably won’t affect your fertility, you should start taking prenatal vitamins or folic acid supplements. Folic acid helps guard against a very serious neurological birth defect.

There are many ways to become pregnant. For more tips on getting pregnant, get Beth Kiley’s FREE “The 7 Most Common Mistakes to Avoid When Trying To Conceive”, report, by clicking here.

Source by Ash Kalirai

Should You As Parent Encourage Your Child To Play Dangerous Sports?

Should you spur your child to play dangerous sports with the goal of becoming a professional athlete and making a boat load of money? De la chanson or it depends on the child, parent, talent, motive and opportunity. The answer is a resounding “no”, if you ask this parent of four. I will explain more of my rational later. For a starter, caveat emptor: sports, like other businesses, have exploitative under-bellies few see or want to see. Being proactive is prudent because advice given after injury tantamount to medicine after death.

There are functional skills one can acquire from playing various sports: teamwork, perseverance, determination, winner and resilient habits. Also, playing sports can be beneficial to one’s overall health.

Obesity is a world-wide health problem with known consequences. Some of these consequences are high blood pressure, Type II diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnea, joints disease, various cancers,to name a few. But don’t tell that to many Nigerians (in particular and Africans in general) who believe that being fat is a glorious thing, a status symbol, evidence of good living and wealth. Engaging in physical activities throughout one’s life are worthy habits that promote both the quantity and the quality of life, per health experts.

However, there is a huge divide between playing sports recreationally and playing them professionally. No sport is risk-free but some are more dangerous than others. The admission costs to the professional athletes’ club can be too high; frankly, may not be worth it.

In my 20’s I liked to watch boxing. Sugar Ray and Thomas “Hitman” Hearns II fight comes to mind. Marvin Hagler, Larry Holmes, Michael Spinks, Mike Tyson, George Foreman’s second coming were my favorites. I watched those fights every chance I got. At one Pay-View event in 1987 in Oakland, California, I happen to be seated close to a former boxer. As we walked out of the venue after the thrilling fight, he made statements that stuck in my mind when a spectator begrudged the millions the fighters earned. He said, “these fighters will pay dearly for the rest of their lives for the hits they have taken today.” He continued by saying, “all the millions they made today will not be enough to heal the life-time of pain and suffering.”

Looking back, his utterances were rather prophetic because little were known then about the effects of concussions, hits to the head, performance enhancement drugs, Parkinson’s disease, memory loss and slurred speech issues. Some of the sports we send our children to play today are equally dangerous, don’t let the hype, money, fame, and medical advancement fool us. Remember that beef came from a cow or as the Igbos say, “Suya ahu si n’ahu nama”!

Seeing the huge money and fame in these sports, it was just a matter of time before Nigerian parents and/or our children themselves started pursuing the trappings of these sports. Some may want to reap the obvious benefits without seeing the latent pitfalls. These parents and children should adhere to this Einstein quote: “learn the rules of the game [first]. And then you must play it better [on and off the court] than anyone else”.

I must devote a paragraph and pay homage to Nigerian, and in deed world’s, athletic heroes. Dick Tiger, Christian Okoye, Hakeem Olajuwon, and current professional players have shown glowing examples on and off the stage. They remain the beacon of everything great about Nigeria and Nigerians. When was the last time you heard anything negative about these heroes? Through their actions, they continue to varnish the image of our Motherland even as corrupt politicians and 419ers are bent on tarnishing her global image. Like grateful Nigerians everywhere, I salute these evergreen heroes.

Are these reasons compelling enough to let your child play dangerous sports?

I hope Nigerian parents both at home and, especially, abroad are not pushing their children into these sports to cash in. Often, we’re people with all-out tendencies to make money at all cost. Some may want to dispel a myth out there and end up exposing themselves and their children to hidden dangers. According to one sportswriter, “people are skeptical about Nigerian players; they are soft, not tough enough and too educated”. That’s a loaded statement! Trying to “prove a negative” may cost one dearly. You may recall Loyola Marymount basketball star Eric “Hank” Gathers who died on the court in 1990 during a televised game. They young man had a known heart condition but he continued to play without taking his medications that made him too drowsy to perform up to his star caliber.

All sports have inherent risks. As Italians say, “ogni rosa ha le sue spine” or “every rose has its thorns”. I like to ride bicycles. Lots of cyclists get hurt and even killed while bicycling. Just 3 weeks ago here in Austin, Texas, a cyclist pushing his disabled bike was killed by an inattentive driver less than 10 miles from my residence. Do you know that girls’ soccer players sustain the second highest number of concussions, after American football players? Go figure that one.

However, some sports are like cigarettes: they are dangerous when played as prescribed. Some of the injuries are cumulative from very young ages (elementary and middle schools) and the ill-effects are not fully felt until after one’s playing days are over.

The odds of making it to the pros are quite infinitesimal. As a friend who played ones of these sports professionally tells me, “people only see the very few who successfully jumped over to the other side of the ridge. But look down in the abyss to see the multitude that did not make it.” The few that make it to the pros end up living painful lives after their injuries begin to manifest and when their insurance benefits are no more. They quickly squander their earnings due to poor financial management skills. Just like too many Nigerians refuse to plan for retirement, these athletes think they will always be in money. Those who help you waste your resources will not be there for you when you need them. Wake-keeping, if that, can only bury one after one had died, it won’t sustain the living.

I am not advocating you or your children eschew amateur or professional sports. Neither am I singling out any one sport. Like I said, every rose has its thorns; no sport is risk-free. What I am recommending is for you to conduct your own research before exposing your family to any sports. If after all that you still feel the sport is for your child and he or she has the wherewithal to become the one-in-a-million victor, go for it. I wish your family well. Please beware all that glitters may be brass, not gold.

Ask yourself these questions:

How come very few offspring of pro players follow the footsteps of their parents? Did the genes that propelled their parents to stardom suddenly “miss road”?

Why don’t team owners, coaches, team doctors, use their enormous clouts to play their children in these evidently lucrative sports? Other businesses, including preachers, train their children in the family enterprise, why not as dangerous sports players? Could it be because they the truth or, to paraphrase Ben Franklin, society writes injuries in dust and benefits in marble?

Are sports the only way to earn university scholarships? Academic scholarships are better than most sports scholarships. The former graduates more students than the latter. Reading will not give you the aforementioned injuries.

If you don’t know any ex-professional players in the sport your child might be interested in, Google or Facebook search to find one to talk with. They are relatively easy to find and you would find them willing to assist you. Listen with an open-mind to what they tell you; don’t take their feedback as bitter ex-players comments. That is what I did years ago before my children were of age to play popular American sports. As a proactive step, I started discouraging my sons from playing football. I was shocked when my middle schooler told me he had been asked to tryout for his school team.

My wife and our children were first jubilant at the news. I went into high gear to talk him out of playing football. When he refused to back down, I blessed him but told him I would not go to any of the games. They said he was good at it. He convinced his mother to go to one of the games. I must inject here that she’s in the medical field. After watching the game live and hearing the sounds of war… I mean the hits the on the field that day, she returned home to join me to dissuade our son from playing that sport. The sounds of the hits were not like anything she hears from football games on TV. My response was if she thought the middle school players hit hard, she can imagine how harder the high schoolers and college players hit, not to talk of professional players. I could not stand watching my child play football, just can’t. Call me chicken!

After that first year of football, our son announced to our delight that he was giving up the sport. I asked why, he said none of his team members were in his Advance Placement classes, in fact, most of them were not doing well in school, partly because of missed classes due to injuries and/or sports distractions. This is the case in Africa and elsewhere. Some excel in both sports and academics.

Thank goodness my son didn’t get hurt and his grades remain high. He talked about serious injuries other footballers sustained, how they were encourage to eat and weight-lift more to get bigger, stronger and hit harder and run faster. He talked about sub-par equipment use and the push to play for college scholarship and pro prospects. Academics were not a priority, practicing and wining games were! Finally, he said he found out that we wanted what was best for him both now and in the long run. He realized we did it with and for love. And we can live with that!

Source by Chuks UC Ukaoma